All Issue

2018 Vol.30, Issue 3 Preview Page
December 2018. pp. 144-151
Abstract

Paprika is an important agricultural export in Korea. However, paprika is not suitable for exporting over long distances as it does not store well. A major cause of damage to fresh agricultural produce, including paprika, is infection with pathogenic microorganisms that cause post-harvest diseases during storage and distribution. To address this problem, research is ongoing to develop a range of surface sterilization techniques. The recent confirmation of the sterilization effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated from plasma discharge has attracted substantial research interest in applying the plasma technology to agriculture. Therefore, a plasma sterilization system was developed in this study to improve paprika storability. This system consists of an atmospheric-pressure plasma generator, a plasma controller, and a chamber for plasma treatment. To validate the system performance, the internal chamber temperature was measured; the volume of ozone, a strong oxidant that generates ROS, was also measured to compute the volume of all ROS generated through plasma discharge; based on this calculation, the concentration of ROS that can effectively deactivate microorganisms was identified. The sterilization effect of the present system was examined using Erwinia carotovora, the bacteria responsible for soft rot in paprika. Erwinia carotovora samples were treated with plasma for 30 and 60 s with 2.5 bar pressure and 500 W, 700 W, and 1000 W plasma power. The samples treated for 60 s showed a 100% sterilization effect. To then validate the effectiveness of the system in maintaining paprika freshness, paprika were treated at 1000 W plasma power for 30 and 60 s. As a result, browning was observed in the stem end of untreated paprika due to withering, whereas browning was delayed for 26 d in the stem end of plasma-treated paprika.

References
  1. Eliezer, Y., Eliezer, S. (2001) The fourth state of matter: an introduction to plasma science. CRC Press.10.1201/NOE0750307406
  2. Filatova, I., Azharonok, V., Kadyrov, M., Beljavsky, V., Gvozdov, A., Shik, A., Antonuk, A. (2011) The effect of plasma treatment of seeds of some grain and legumes on their sowing quality and productivity. Rom J Phys 56:139-143.
  3. Fridman, G., Brooks, A. D., Balasubramanian, M., Fridman, A., Gutsol, A., Vasilets, V. N., Ayan, H., Friedman, G. (2007) Comparison of direct and indirect effects of non-thermal atmospheric-pressure plasma on bacteria. Plasma Processes Polym 4:370-375.10.1002/ppap.200600217
  4. Ma, R., Wang, G., Tian, Y., Wang, K., Zhang, J., Fang, J. (2015) Non-thermal plasma-activated water inactivation of food-borne pathogen on fresh produce. J Hazard Mater 300:643-651.10.1016/j.jhazmat.2015.07.06126282219
  5. Moisan, M., Barbeau, J., Moreau, S., Pelletier, J., Tabrizian, M., Yahia, L. H. (2001) Low-temperature sterilization using gas plasmas: a review of the experiments and an analysis of the inactivation mechanisms. Int J Pharm 226:1-21.10.1016/S0378-5173(01)00752-9
  6. Niemira, B. A. (2012) Cold plasma decontamination of foods. Annu Rev Food Sci Technol 3:125-142.10.1146/annurev-food-022811-10113222149075
  7. Pankaj, S. K., Bueno-Ferrer, C., Misra, N. N., Milosavljević, V., O'donnell, C. P., Bourke, P., Keener, K. M., Cullen, P. J. (2014) Applications of cold plasma technology in food packaging. Trends Food Sci Technol 35:5-17.10.1016/j.tifs.2013.10.009
  8. Park, D. P., Davis, K., Gilani, S., Alonzo, C. A., Dobrynin, D., Friedman, G., Fridman, A., Rabinovich, A., Fridman, G. (2013) Reactive nitrogen species produced in water by non-equilibrium plasma increase plant growth rate and nutritional yield. Curr Appl Phy 13:S19-S29.10.1016/j.cap.2012.12.019
  9. Pointu, A. M., Ricard, A., Dodet, B., Odic, E., Larbre, J., Ganciu, M. (2005) Production of active species in N2-O2 flowing post-discharges at atmospheric pressure for sterilization. J Phys D: Appl Phys 38:1905.10.1088/0022-3727/38/12/009
  10. Winter, J. (2004) Dust in fusion devices—A multi-faceted problem connecting high-and low-temperature plasma physics. Plasma Phys Controlled Fusion 46:B583.10.1088/0741-3335/46/12B/047
  11. Xu, Y., Tian, Y., Ma, R., Liu, Q., Zhang, J. (2016) Effect of plasma activated water on the postharvest quality of button mushrooms, Agaricus bisporus. Food Chem 197:436-444.10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.10.14426616972
  12. Yang, Y., Yao, J., Hua, X. (2000) Effect of pesticide pollution against functional microbial diversity in soil. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Za Zhi 20:23-25.
  13. Yoo Seong Lee (2017) A change of market for global agri-food product and its export strategy. The research report of Korea Rural Economic Institute 311-340.
  14. Zivkovic, S., Puac, N., Giba, Z., Grubisic, D., Petrovic, Z. L. (2004) The stimulatory effect of non-equilibrium (low temperature) air plasma pretreatment on light-induced germination of Paulownia tomentosa seeds. Seed Sci Technol 32:693-701.10.15258/sst.2004.32.3.05
Information
  • Publisher :Agriculture and Life Sciences Research Institute, Kangwon National University
  • Publisher(Ko) :강원대학교 농업생명과학대학 농업생명과학연구원
  • Journal Title :Journal of Agricultural, Life and Environmental Sciences
  • Journal Title(Ko) :강원농업생명환경연구
  • Volume : 30
  • No :3
  • Pages :144-151
  • Received Date :2018. 11. 08
  • Accepted Date : 2018. 11. 15
Journal Informaiton Agriculture and Life Sciences Research Institute Journal of Agricultural, Life and Environmental Sciences
  • NRF
  • KOFST
  • open access
  • orcid
  • KISTI Cited-by
  • KISTI Current Status
  • ccl
Journal Informaiton Journal Informaiton - close