• Research Article

    Food Label Utilization Rate Analysis Based on Purchasing Situation and Recall Experiments
    Ji, J. H., S. H. Kim and S. H. Lee
    The present study evaluated what kind of knowledge could be useful to improve the food label utilization rate by consumers and whether ... + READ MORE
    The present study evaluated what kind of knowledge could be useful to improve the food label utilization rate by consumers and whether it differed considering the characteristics of the products. A better understanding of the consumer perspective on food label utilization may help stablish future commercial and marketing plans for different products. The collected data revealed that the food label utilization rate may vary depending on the perception of consumers on how important the food label may be during the purchasing process. Therefore, in order to enhance the food label utilization rate by consumers, it is necessary to find ways to promote the food label program and raise awareness among consumers on the importance of food label information. - COLLAPSE
    October 2020
  • Research Article

    Analysis of Consumer Characteristics Affecting the Consumption of Unhealthy Food
    Hong. S. M., ​J. H. Ji, W. S. Choi and S. H. Lee
    In the case of modern society, consumption of unhealthy foods is increasing due to changes in food consumption in accordance with various ... + READ MORE
    In the case of modern society, consumption of unhealthy foods is increasing due to changes in food consumption in accordance with various demographic variables, such as simplified food consumption and increased frequency of eating out. In order to prevent societal loss due to diseases related to the health and eating habits of people, various regulations or legislations to reduce unhealthy foods are being implemented in countries around the world including Korea. This study analyzes the propensity and characteristics of consumers who consume unhealthy foods using the multiple regression analysis method. The results of multiple regression analysis showed that in the case of demographic factors, the number of household members, age group, residential area, and the presence of diseases all have an effect on unhealthy food consumption. These results were obtained while considering the demographic factors and lifestyles of consumers who consume unhealthy food. - COLLAPSE
    October 2020
  • Research Article

    Analysis of the Factors Influencing Consumers’ Preferences for Rice: Locally Produced Versus the Imported in the Ga East Municipality of the Greater Accra Region of Ghana
    Piao, S. Y., Z. R. Li, Y. C. Sun, J. I. Lee and Y. E. Amanor
    Rice is an important staple cereal for many households in Ghana. This study examines the factors that influence consumers’ preference for rice ... + READ MORE
    Rice is an important staple cereal for many households in Ghana. This study examines the factors that influence consumers’ preference for rice. Using questionnaires, 300 rice consumers, who were sampled across the municipality, were interviewed. Descriptive statistics, factor analysis, and multinomial logistic regression model were used to analyze the obtained data. The rice-related attributes that showed marked influence on consumers’ preference for rice were packaging quality, swelling capacity, stickiness of grains after cooking, percentage of broken grains, market availability, price, and degree of whiteness. Therefore, the stakeholders should implement strategies to improve these rice-related attributes and enhance the rice post-harvest chain. - COLLAPSE
    October 2020
  • Research Article

    Descriptive Analysis of the Afghanistan Apple Farming System
    Lee, D. S. and H. J. Mohammad
    Ending poverty is the first priority of the sustainable development goals. It is associated with increasing income and addressing destitution, particularly in ... + READ MORE
    Ending poverty is the first priority of the sustainable development goals. It is associated with increasing income and addressing destitution, particularly in Afghanistan, where the majority of people have low incomes and are living below the poverty line, heavily relying on agriculture- related activities. Developing an extension system for the high value-added industry of apples is one of the strategies of the Afghan government to enhance the income of the poor. Intensive high-density production is the most important strategy to improve apple productivity, hence, generating income and increasing the welfare of small-scale farmers by upgrading (near) subsistence farming to a commercial system in Afghanistan. This study characterized the major factors that influence the adaptation of intensive high-density farming systems. A comparative analysis of the Afghan apple production and Australian intensive high-density farm enterprise was conducted. The results described these two production systems and clarified the major factors that improve production efficiency. - COLLAPSE
    October 2020
  • Research Article

    Factors Influencing the Technical Efficiency of Small-scale Maize Farmers in the Foumbot and Foumban Subdivisions in Cameroon
    Achu, E. and D. S. Lee
    This study determined the technical efficiency of the maize production by small-scale farmers in the Foumbot and Foumban subdivisions in Cameroon. Multistage ... + READ MORE
    This study determined the technical efficiency of the maize production by small-scale farmers in the Foumbot and Foumban subdivisions in Cameroon. Multistage sampling technique was used to sample a total of 148 maize-farming households, i.e., 77 in Foumbot and 71 in Foumban. A semi-structured questionnaire was administered to collect data on farm inputs and outputs and on farm and farmer characteristics. Data envelopment analysis was conducted to estimate efficiency scores, while a Tobit regression analysis model was used to determine the influence of farm and farmer characteristics on technical efficiency. The results indicated that the average technical efficiency was of 35%. This implies that the technical efficiency of the maize production in the Foumbot and Foumban subdivisions is low and could be enhanced by 65% through the improved use of available resources, given the prevailing state of technology. Our findings suggest that technical efficiency is positively influenced by farm and farmer characteristics such as formal education levels of the HHHs, years of maize farming experience, membership to farmer associations, hired labor, use of manure, and production advice received through extension services. To reduce technical inefficiency, farmers should be appropriately trained to improve their agronomic knowledge on maize production. Farmers are also encouraged to form and be active members of farmer associations. Finally, policies and programs that promote extension services should be promoted to improve the maize production in the study areas. - COLLAPSE
    October 2020
  • Research Article

    Broiler Chicken Feed Mix Production Using a Non-Conventional Feed Resource (Gliricidia sepium leaf meal) in Ohawu, Ghana
    Kim, J. S., S. Y. Piao, X. Y. Jin, J. I. Lee and M. Tay
    Globally, the poultry industry has a significant economic role, especially in Africa, where small farm holders contribute substantially to the national gross ... + READ MORE
    Globally, the poultry industry has a significant economic role, especially in Africa, where small farm holders contribute substantially to the national gross domestic product (GDP). Poultry feeding costs are rapidly increasing and account for over 60 percent of the production costs, but efficient feed formulation practices are a sustainable way of reducing the price. Ghanaian farmers use methods such as the rule of thumb, personal experience, and intuition to solve feed formulation problems. This study showed that the least-cost starter ration price decreased by 1.61%, and the least-cost finisher ration price decreased by 4.48%, indicating that non-conventional feed ingredients have a high economic value. - COLLAPSE
    October 2020
  • Research Article

    Impact of Saving and Credit Cooperatives (SACCOs) on the Income of Smallholder Farmers in Rwanda: A Case Study of Busasamana Sector
    Berna, M., J. Y. Lee and S. H. Lee
    Income generation is a constraint of smallholder farming; the best way to increase income generation in Rwandan agriculture is farmers’ accessibility to ... + READ MORE
    Income generation is a constraint of smallholder farming; the best way to increase income generation in Rwandan agriculture is farmers’ accessibility to financial institutions. Saving and credit cooperatives (SACCOs) are the main providers of microcredit to smallholder farmers, and this study assesses the impact of SACCOs on income smallholder farmers in Rwanda. To achieve the objective, primary data were employed, and both descriptive and econometric models were adopted to achieve the research objective. The findings revealed that members of SACCOs earn more income than non-members, and a bi-directional relationship between income and participation in SACCOs was discovered. However, 62% of smallholder farmers participated in SACCOs and a small percentage of members requested loans. The government and SACCOs initiate insurance schemes for the members to smallholder farmers to join SACCOs as more use of financial services/products. - COLLAPSE
    October 2020
  • Research Article

    Analyses of the Potential Capabilities and Factors Affecting Vietnamese Fruit Exports
    Nguyen, T. S. and B. H. Lee
    Trade data from 10 countries spanning 21 years was analyzed via revealed comparative advantage (RCA) index with gravity model adaptation (e.g ... + READ MORE
    Trade data from 10 countries spanning 21 years was analyzed via revealed comparative advantage (RCA) index with gravity model adaptation (e.g., export equation by estimation methodology) to determine the export capabilities and the primary factors affecting Vietnamese fruit exportation. The data was obtained from the International Trade Center (ITC) database, Free Map Tools, and the United National Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). The RCA index showed that Vietnam has a comparative advantage in exporting fruit (RCA > 1), specifically in coconut, Brazil nut, and cashew nut exports. The export equation result (least squares regression) indicated that factors could positively or negatively affect the quantity of exported fruits. The competitor’s export price, China’s participation, and the import country’s gross domestic product (GDP) per capita positively affected the quantity. The distance and the currency exchange rate between Vietnam and the importing country, the Vietnamese fruit export price, the agricultural area per capita, and the value of imported fruits to Vietnam negatively affected the quantity. Quantile regression analysis showed that Vietnamese fruit trading depends on the export scale. These results suggest an efficient strategy for developing the Vietnamese fruit industry, particularly in fruit exportation. - COLLAPSE
    October 2020
  • Research Article

    Small Farmer Milk Production Efficiency in the Chui Province Rural Area, Kyrgyz Republic
    Omurbek, K., J. Y. Lee and S. H. Lee
    Creating a strong economy and providing a high standard of living is a priority for the Kyrgyz Republic. This is unachievable without ... + READ MORE
    Creating a strong economy and providing a high standard of living is a priority for the Kyrgyz Republic. This is unachievable without the agricultural sector, which employed 32.4% of the working-age population and was 14% of the gross domestic product (GDP) in 2017. In the Chui province, small farmers produce 90% of the milk, and the production has increased over the past ten years. Milk and dairy products are traditionally important, but the volume of their consumption depends on household income levels. Farm development is necessary for sustaining the Kyrgyz rural area, but the raw milk industry is limited to small-scale production, the milk yield per cow is reducing, breeding numbers are low, epizootic diseases are present, and contracts with processors are lacking, resulting in low milk quality. This study analyzed the efficiency of small milk farmers in the Kyrgyz Republic rural area to provide sector development recommendations. Stochastic frontier analysis was used to analyze survey data from 136 farmers. The results indicated that the milk production industry provided most farmers with mine income, the financial conditions depended on the farming efficiency, and stochastic frontier analysis determined the most efficient farming method. - COLLAPSE
    October 2020
  • Research Article

    Analysis of Factors Affecting Economic Growth and Productivity in Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine
    Vafa, J., K. D. Kim, and B. H. Lee
    This study analyzed the national and agricultural economic growth in response to the composition of input factors such as capital, labor, and ... + READ MORE
    This study analyzed the national and agricultural economic growth in response to the composition of input factors such as capital, labor, and productivity. Here, we considered five post-Soviet countries, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine, located in Eastern Europe. The study analyzed panel data collected between 1992 and 2015 by the World Bank, FAO, UN Comtrade, using regression analysis with random and fixed effects. The analysis was primarily based on the Solow–Swan model with the Cobb–Douglas production function. First, the contribution of capital, labor, and total factor productivity (TFP) growth in the composition of gross domestic product (GDP) growth and the agricultural value added to the agricultural sector was examined using the Solow–Swan model. Exports, imports, foreign direct investment (FDI), research and development (R&D), and education were adopted as explanatory variables that may affect GDP and TFP. Second, regression analysis was used to examine the effect of FDI, exports, imports, and other factors on the national economy (GDP), agricultural value added, and TFP (national economy and agricultural sector). - COLLAPSE
    October 2020
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